After decades of work, easing into retirement can be an exciting time.
But the luster can wear off quickly if there’s not a good retirement-income plan already in place when those weekly paychecks stop, especially if it becomes clear that retirement savings and social security aren’t enough to cover expenses.
“Some people retire with no income plan at all, but that’s like flying without GPS and still expecting to hit your target,” said Jay Sharifi, an investment advisor at Legacy Wealth Management and author of “Building a Better Legacy: Retirement Planning for Your Lifetime and Beyond.”
“Maybe they think since they’ve saved some money, they will be okay. But saving money for retirement and planning your retirement are two different things. When you fly, you want to know exactly where you’re going and how you will get there. The same is true when you’re planning your retirement.”
Sharifi said there is much territory to cover when trying to work out how you will pay monthly bills, handle unexpected emergencies, and hopefully have some money left over for a little fun.
But perhaps a good place to start is to ask yourself these three questions:
How much money do you need?
This can vary widely – and wildly – by the household. “The general rule of thumb is that retirees will require 70 to 80 percent of their pre-retirement income to maintain their lifestyle,” Sharifi said.
So, if you had an annual income of $100,000 pre-retirement, you need to shoot for about $80,000 in retirement. Once you decide what that number is, the key becomes matching your income need with the correct investment strategies, options, and tools to satisfy that need, he says.
How long does your money need to last?
The No. 1 fear that haunts retirees is the possibility they will outlive their money. It’s a legitimate concern because people are living longer than they used to – which means they need to stretch that money out to meet their life expectancy.
Look at it this way, Sharifi said. The average man in 1950 lived to be 65 and the average woman 71. Today, men are averaging about 19 additional years, and, for women, it’s an extra 15 years, according to the Social Security Administration.
“You need to plan for at least 20 more years of income,” Sharifi said.
What happens when life plans change?
Part of income planning involves taking into account what happens when one spouse gets sick or dies, potentially resulting in the loss of a pension check and definitely the loss of a Social Security check.
“Poverty after the loss of a spouse is more common among women than men, which isn’t surprising since women live longer,” Sharifi said. “The income goes down, but the bills coming in remain the same.”
Retirees have a few options to alleviate this concern, such as life insurance plans, living benefit options and joint-income riders that can be purchased when designing an income portfolio.
A financial professional also can provide advice on how to maximize Social Security benefits.
“Leaving your retirement up to chance is inadvisable by nearly any standard, yet millions of people find themselves hoping for a happy ending instead of planning for one,” Sharifi said. “With information, tools and professional guidance, creating a successful retirement plan can put you in control of your financial management. And as a result, you won’t be flying blindly.”