There are 10,711,908 people living in Georgia according to the 2020 U.S. Census data released Thursday, gaining one million new residents over the last ten years.
Persons identifying as White account for 5,555,483 people or 51.86% of the state’s population. Persons identifying as Black or African American account for 3,320,513 people or approximately 31% of the population, and persons that identify as a member of the Asian ethnic groups account for 479,028 people or 4.47% of the state’s population. Persons identifying as Hispanic or Latino make up 1,123,457 people or 10.49% of the state’s population.
Statewide, the number of Black Georgians increased by 13%, while the White population dropped by 1%. Meanwhile, the state’s Asian population jumped by 53% and its Hispanic population increased by 32%. The Peach State narrowly remained majority White at just over 50%.
The four largest Atlanta-area counties of Cobb, DeKalb, Fulton and Gwinnett each grew by more than 10%.
By aggregate number of Georgians, Gwinnett County had the largest number of new residents. With 151,741 new residents, Gwinnett County’s population grew approximately 18.8%, becoming the state’s second-most populous county with 957,062 residents.
Fulton County is still the Peach State’s most populous county with 1,066,710 residents. Over the last ten years, Fulton County gained 146,129 new residents.
Locally, Blacks and African Americans still make up the majority of Atlanta’s population, with 47%. White people make up 198,240 of the city’s population compared to 235,513 people that identify as Black. However, the number of White residents increased by about 37,000 since 2010, compared to just 8,000 more Black residents. Additionally, persons identifying as a member of an Asian ethnic group make up 22,367 residents, persons identifying as Hawaiian/Polynesian or a Pacific Islander make up 218 residents and persons that identify as a race not listed on the 2020 U.S. Census accounts for 11,921 of Atlanta’s residents. In all, Georgia’s capital city has 498,715 residents.
In all, Georgia’s population increased by 10% between 2010 and 2020, adding about 1 million people but failed to pick up an additional seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. Notably, Georgia’s seventh congressional district, currently held by U.S. Representative, Democrat Carolyn Bourdeaux, grew by 12.33%, becoming the largest congressional district in the State. However, Georgia will not add a congressional seat for the first time since 1990.
Sixty-seven of Georgia’s 159 counties — most of them smaller and rural — lost population. For example, Dooly County shrank by nearly 25%. Bryan County grew by 48%, followed by Forsyth County, which added 75,772 people or 43.2%, as part of Atlanta’s exurbs.
The new numbers will help the U.S. Government to determine where to allocate hundreds of billions of dollars in federal funds for hospitals, fire departments, schools, roads and other services. Companies will study the figures when deciding where to build new factories and stores. Moreover, the Census data will be used to redraw House and Senate districts within the Georgia legislature.
It does appear the aggressive efforts to get Black and Latinx communities to be counted statewide were successful. In a March 2020 interview with The Atlanta Voice, Stacey Abrams appealed for Blacks and minorities to fill out the census.
“If we are seen and we are heard through the Census, we will have the ability to change the laws we need to protect our communities and to seek opportunity,” Abrams said. “Number one is that if you fill out the census, they’ll know how to find you via a cell phone or a pallor bill. They already know how to find it. Do you get your resources?”
As the Census rolled out, Blacks and minorities were initially hesitant to answer the questions. However, as the topic of redistricting looms in the Georgia State Capitol, the importance of filling out the Census became top of mind to those reticent individuals, after the data was collected.
“The fact that people didn’t literally want to answer the 10 questions, was a problem,” said Teresa Hardy, President of NAACP-DeKalb County Branch. “Because this is your opportunity to give your input and you play a vital role in what’s going to happen when it’s time for the people you’ve elected to make a decision on redistricting. People literally need to learn the connection, instead of waiting until it’s time to do redistricting.”
The United States grew by 7.4% between 2010 and 2020 to 331.4 million, the second smallest rate of growth in its history. The South grew the fastest over the last decade at 10.2%.