As the US grapples with the rapid spread of the novel coronavirus that has the health care system at a tipping point, a growing number of states are ordering their residents to stay at home.
Despite the White House advising all Americans to practice social distancing, the number of coronavirus cases in the US continues to rise. So governors across the nation are taking stronger action by issuing stay-at-home orders in their states.
By the end of this week, when all 20 current state orders take effect, more than 50% of the US population will be officially urged to stay home.
These are the states that have implemented stay-at-home orders. CNN will update the list as more come in.
On March 19, Gov. Gavin Newsom became the first governor to set mandatory stay-at-home restrictions to help combat the coronavirus.
Since the order went into effect, all nonessential services such as dine-in restaurants, bars, gyms and convention centers have been shut down.
Essential services, such as groceries, pharmacies, gas stations, food banks, convenience stores and delivery restaurants, have remained open. So have banks, local government offices that provide services and law enforcement agencies.
While the order is not being enforced by police, Newsom urged all Californians to stay at home. Residents who need to leave home to take part in essential activities are advised to practice social distancing.
Connecticut’s “Stay safe, stay at home” policy went effect March 23 at 8 p.m.
Under Gov. Ned Lamont’s executive order, all nonessential businesses and not-for-profit entities were told to close.
The order excludes any essential business or entity providing essential services such as health care, food service, law enforcement and similar critical services, according to a news release.
Nonessential public gatherings of any size should be canceled and if residents must leave their home, the governor is advising they not travel in groups and keep at least 6 feet away from each other when possible.
Gov. John Carney has issued a statewide stay-at-home order that went into effect March 24 and will remain in effect until May 15 or until the “public health threat is eliminated.”
The order advises residents to stay at home whenever possible and close all nonessential businesses, according to a news release.
Delaware residents may leave their home for essential activities, such as getting groceries, seeing a doctor and engaging in “other activities essential to their health, and the health and well-being of their family members, including pets,” Carney said.
“Delawareans may also engage in outdoor activity, but must adhere to social distancing guidelines,” Carney said.
Gov. David Ige issued a “stay at home” order for Hawaii residents.
The order took effect on March 25 and will last through at least April 30.
“These actions are extreme, but necessary, to flatten the curve and lay the groundwork for our recovery,” Ige said.
Exceptions to the order are being made for essential services, medical care and grocery shopping.
Gov. Brad Little issued a stay-at-home order March 25 that went into effect immediately and extends for 21 days.
Idaho residents can still leave home to obtain essential services but the order closes all nonessential businesses, and restaurants can only provide delivery or takeout options.
Little has also activated the Idaho National Guard to “assist civil authorities and local jurisdictions” with executing the state’s coronavirus response. He did not specify any specific mission or role for the National Guard but did say in Wednesday’s press conference that they are preparing to “stand up a joint task force, if requested.”
Gov. J.B. Pritzker issued a stay-at-home order for the entire state, which went into effect on March 21 and lasts through April 7.
Residents are able to go to grocery stores, pharmacies, medical offices, hospitals and gas stations. They can still go running or hiking and walk their dogs, according to the governor.
Pritzker has since called on the White House to issue a nationwide stay-at-home order.
Gov. Eric Holcomb issued an order that went into effect on March 24 and lasts until April 6.
Essential employees, including health care workers, grocery and transit workers, among others, can leave their home. Indiana residents can leave their home to exercise, Holcomb said.
The governor added that the Indiana National Guard is not assisting with enforcing the order, but it is assisting in the distribution of hospital supplies the state receives.
After announcing that Louisiana has the fastest growth rate of coronavirus cases in the world, Gov. John Bel Edwards issued a stay-at-home order to help slow the coronavirus spread.
The order took effect on March 23 and ends on April 12, he said.
While state buildings and other essential businesses such as grocery stores, pharmacies and doctors’ offices will remain open, nonessential businesses were ordered to close.
Restaurants remain open for drive-thru, delivery and takeout options only.
Gov. Charlie Baker issued an emergency order requiring all businesses and organizations that do not provide essential services to close their physical workplaces, but these businesses are encouraged to continue their operations remotely.
The order, effective March 24 until April 7, limits gatherings to 10 people in confined spaces, but does not prohibit gatherings of more than 10 people in an outdoor space, such as a park or athletic field, according to a news release.
Gov. Gretchen Whitmer has ordered Michigan residents to stay at home unless they are critical workers. The order went into effect March 24 and will last for at least the next three weeks, according to a news release from her office.
Whitmer is banning gatherings, public and private, of any number of people. This does not apply to single households where people may already live together.
“This is an unprecedented crisis that requires all of us working together to protect our families and our communities,” Whitmer said in the news release. “If we all come together, get serious, and do our part by staying home, we can stay safe and save lives.”
Gov. Tim Walz ordered Minnesota’s 5.6 million residents to shelter in place starting 11:59 p.m. on March 27 until April 10.
Residents can still leave their homes for groceries and exercise, Walz said, adding that he hopes to “strike a proper balance” of “making sure our economy can function” while protecting the must vulnerable and slowing the rate of transmission.
In New Jersey, a stay-at-home order has been in effect since March 21. The order prohibits all gatherings, such as celebrations, according to Gov. Phil Murphy.
The executive order requires all retail businesses to close with the exception of essential businesses, including pharmacies and medical marijuana dispensaries, grocery stores, gas stations, pet stores, laundromats, banks, liquor stores and mail and delivery stores.
Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham instituted a “statewide stay-at-home instruction” beginning March 24, according to a series of tweets on her official account.
“All New Mexicans are instructed to stay at home except for outings essential to health, safety, and welfare,” Grisham wrote in a tweet.
The governor declared that “all businesses except those deemed essential to public health, safety and well-being will be ordered closed,” according to the series of tweets.
“Our society must continue to operate — but in an extremely limited way,” she said.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo ordered all workers in nonessential businesses to stay at home.
Under the executive order, which took effect March 22, civil fines and mandatory closures will be issued to businesses that don’t comply, Cuomo said.
Civil fines, however, will not be issued for individuals who violate the policy, the governor said. Nonessential gatherings are restricted and individuals are being asked to limit outdoor recreational activities to non-contact activities.
For essential workers who have to go out in public, Cuomo encouraged social distancing. Grocery stores, food delivery service and public transportation are still operational.
On March 22, Gov. Mike DeWine announced he was issuing a statewide stay-at-home order.
The order goes went into effect March 23 and will remain in place until at least April 6, DeWine said.
Essential businesses and restaurants for takeout will be allowed to stay open.
The governor encouraged Ohioans to maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from others if they need to go outside.
On March 23, Gov. Kate Brown issued an executive order telling Oregon residents to stay home except for essential needs.
The order, effective immediately, prohibits all nonessential social and recreational gatherings, regardless of size, according to her office.
The order closes retail businesses in which close personal contact is difficult to avoid, such as barber shops, arcades, gyms and theaters. Businesses that are not closed by the order must implement social distancing policies in order to remain open, her office said.
Failure to follow the new order could be punished as a misdemeanor.
“If businesses are not complying with this order, we will shut them down,” Brown said.
Gov. Phil Scott issued a “Stay Home, Stay Safe” order which directs all in-person operations and nonessential businesses to close from March 25 until April 15.
Under the order, Vermonters should only leave the house for reasons that are critical to health and safety, according to a news release.
“I fully recognize the emotional, financial and economic impact of these decisions, but based on the best science we have available, these measures are necessary,” Scott said.
Gov. Jay Inslee issued a “Stay Home, Stay Healthy” order on March 23, requiring Washington residents to stay at home for the next two weeks.
The order took effect immediately. Exceptions are made for critical jobs and grocery shopping.
The order does not prohibit people from going outside for a walk, Inslee says, but people must keep a distance of six feet from each other.
“This weapon — distancing ourselves — is the only weapon we have against this virus,” Inslee said in a televised address.
The order includes a ban on all gatherings and “the closure of many businesses.” Inslee says the only businesses that are allowed to stay in operation for the next two weeks are those that are “essential to the healthy functioning of our community or are able to let employees work remotely from home.” Those essential positions include medical professionals and pharmacists.
While the general order takes effect immediately, the governor’s office says nonessential businesses have until March 25 to close.
“It’s time to hunker down in order to win this fight,” Inslee said.
Gov. Jim Justice issued a stay-at-home order that went into effect on March 24.
Justice is directing all West Virginia residents to only leave home for essential needs. Taking a walk, riding a bike and being out in nature for exercise is allowed, but people should stay at least 6 feet away from others.
All nonessential businesses should close and restaurants should only offer takeout, delivery or drive-thru, the governor said.
Gov. Tony Evers issued a “Safer at Home” order that prohibits all nonessential travel. The order went into effect March 25 and remains until April 24 or until a superseding order is issued.
The order allows Wisconsin residents to leave the house for essential tasks such as visiting the doctor, caring for family members in another household or getting groceries, but people should stay at home as much as possible.
Essential businesses allowed to remain operating include banks, pharmacies, grocery stores, and gas stations.
“Issuing a Safer at Home order isn’t something I thought we’d have to do and it’s not something I take lightly, but here’s the bottom line: folks need to start taking this seriously,” Evers said in a news release.
States close nonessential businesses or issue quarantines
Several states have ordered all nonessential businesses to close, but stopped short of issuing official stay-at-home orders.
These states are: Maryland, Nevada, Virginia and Kentucky.
Alaska issued 6-foot public social distancing guidelines Monday. Businesses that can’t abide by that guideline were required to close by 5 p.m. on March 24.
Adam Crum, the state’s Department of Health and Social Services commissioner, also said recreational public gatherings of more than 10 people are banned until further notice.
Georgia issued orders for the “medically fragile” to shelter in place. The mayor of Atlanta issued a 14-day stay-at-home order on March 23.
Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis issued an executive order mandating a 14-day self-quarantine or isolation period for travelers arriving from airports in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut.
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment ordered 14-day quarantines for Kansans who traveled to California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Washington, starting March 23.
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott hasn’t issued a statewide order, but officials in cities such as Houston, Dallas, San Antonio and El Paso have issued “stay at home” orders.
Oklahoma issued a “Safer at Home” order that requires all vulnerable populations to stay at home until April 30. The order, effective March 25, restricts any gatherings of 10 or more people and closes all nonessential businesses in the 19 counties where coronavirus cases have been reported.
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