In 2019, the political world lost a giant in U.S. Rep. Elijah E. Cummings. He was born the son of a sharecropper, became a lawyer, then an influential congressman and champion of civil rights.

Cummings, who died in October, was chairman of one of the U.S. House committees that led an impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump and was a formidable advocate for the poor in his Maryland district.

The death of Toni Morrison in August left a chasm in the publishing world, where she was a “literary mother” to countless writers. She helped elevate multiculturalism to the world stage and unearthed the lives of the unknown and unwanted. 

She became the first black woman to receive the Nobel literature prize for “Beloved” and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2012.

In April, Hollywood lost director John Singleton, whose 1991 film “Boyz N the Hood” was praised as a realistic and compassionate take on race, class, peer pressure and family. He became the first black director to receive an Oscar nomination and the youngest at 24.

The year also saw the untimely deaths of two young rappers, leaving a feeling of accomplishments unfulfilled. Grammy-nominated Nipsey Hussle was killed in a shooting in Los Angeles in March. 

Juice WRLD, who launched his career on SoundCloud before becoming a streaming juggernaut, died in December after being treated for opioid use during a police search.

Additional deaths include:

James Ingram: The Grammy-winning singer who launched multiple hits on the R&B and pop charts and earned two Oscar nominations for his songwriting died Jan. 29.

Kristoff St. John: An actor best known for playing Neil Winters on the CBS soap opera “The Young and the Restless,” died Feb. 4 from heart disease.

Patricia Bath: A pioneering ophthalmologist who became the first African American female doctor to receive a medical patent after she invented a more precise treatment of cataracts died May 30 from complications of cancer.

Leah Chase: A New Orleans chef and civil rights icon who created the city’s first white-tablecloth restaurant for black patrons broke the city’s segregation laws by seating white and black customers and introduced countless tourists to Southern Louisiana Creole cooking died June 1.

Art Neville: A member of one of New Orleans’ storied musical families, the Neville Brothers, and a founding member of the groundbreaking funk band The Meters died July 22.

Baxter Leach: A prominent member of the Memphis, Tennessee, sanitation workers union whose historic strike drew the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. to the city where he was assassinated. Leach died Aug. 27.

Robert Mugabe: The former Zimbabwean leader was an ex-guerrilla chief who took power when the African country shook off white minority rule and presided for decades while economic turmoil and human rights violations eroded its early promise. Mugabe died Sept. 6.

Diahann Carroll: The Oscar-nominated actress and singer who won critical acclaim as the first black woman to star in a non-servant role in a TV series as “Julia.” Carroll died Oct. 4 from cancer.

John Conyers: The former congressman was one of the longest-serving members of Congress whose resolutely liberal stance on civil rights made him a political institution in Washington and back home in Detroit despite several scandals. Conyers died Oct. 27.

John Witherspoon: An actor-comedian who memorably played Ice Cube’s father in the “Friday” films on Oct. 29.

Ernest J. Gaines: A novelist whose poor childhood on a small Louisiana plantation germinated stories of black struggles that grew into universal tales of grace and beauty on Nov. 5.

(Photo: Marcio Jose Sanchez/Associated Press)

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