July 12, 1937: Actor, comedian and political activist William “Bill” Cosby is born on this day in Philadelphia.
On July 5, 1975, Arthur Ashe defeated Jimmy Connors to become the first Black man to win the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
June 21, 1923: Universal Negro Improvement Association founder Marcus Garvey is sentenced to five years in federal prison for mail fraud involving his Black Star Line shipping company.
On June 15, 1921, the immortal jazz pianist Erroll Garner was born in Pittsburgh, Pa.
Medgar W. Evers, civil rights leader, is assassinated in Jackson, Mississippi.
June 5, 1987 - Dr. Mae C. Jemison becomes first Black female astronaut, training to fly on the Space Shuttle Endeavor in 1992.
R&B diva Patti LaBelle was born as Patricia Louise Holte on May 24, 1944, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
The human rights activist, Malcolm X was born by the name Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa.
Moneta Sleet, Johnson Publications (Ebony/Jet) photographer becomes the first African American to win a Pulitzer Prize for his photograph of Mrs. Martin Luther King, Jr. and her daughter at her husband’s funeral in Atlanta,GA.
Lee Elder birdies three of his last four holes and then sinks an 18-foot birdie
In what many consider his most controversial political speech, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. announces his opposition to the escalating war in Vietnam.
Halle Berry becomes the first black woman to win an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in “Monster's Ball.”
amaican emigrant John Russworm joined minister Samuel Cornish to found Freedom’s Journal, the nation’s first black newspaper.
Despite the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution from 1865-1870, African Americans were still living separate-and-unequal lives nearly 100 years later.