Jackie Robinson, the first Black player in Major League Baseball history, was named the National League “Rookie of the Year” after his first season with the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Renowned neurosurgeon Dr. Benjamin Carson led a team of physicians in successfully separating 7-month-old Siamese twins who were joined at the head.
The acclaimed Civil Rights attorney and lower court judge Thurgood Marshall received confirmation from the U.S. Senate to become the first Black Supreme Court Justice.
After being accused of whistling at a white woman, 14-year-old Emmett Till was kidnapped in Money, Miss. His brutally murdered body was found four days later.
Tiger Woods became the first pro golfer ever to win the U.S. Open, the British Open and the PGA Championship in the same year.
U.S. Army General Colin L. Powell was named Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the highest military position in the country.
On this date, the acclaimed novelist and playwright James Baldwin was born in Harlem.
Barack Obama, then a junior Senator from Illinois, gave the Keynote Address at the Democratic National Convention. The rest is history.
On July 23, 1984, Suzette Charles became the second Black woman ever crowned as “Miss America”. Vanessa Williams (also Black) was the actual winner that year, but was stripped of her crown after provocative photos surfaced.
July 12, 1937: Actor, comedian and political activist William “Bill” Cosby is born on this day in Philadelphia.
On July 5, 1975, Arthur Ashe defeated Jimmy Connors to become the first Black man to win the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
June 21, 1923: Universal Negro Improvement Association founder Marcus Garvey is sentenced to five years in federal prison for mail fraud involving his Black Star Line shipping company.
On June 15, 1921, the immortal jazz pianist Erroll Garner was born in Pittsburgh, Pa.
Medgar W. Evers, civil rights leader, is assassinated in Jackson, Mississippi.
June 5, 1987 - Dr. Mae C. Jemison becomes first Black female astronaut, training to fly on the Space Shuttle Endeavor in 1992.